Author Bios

Brian Brereton, PhD

Dr. Brian Brereton currently works for the Defense Intelligence Agency leading US Special Operations Command’s sociocultural analysis effort for its Intelligence Directorate. Prior to working at SOCOM, Brian was posted at US Central Command and conducted research focused on the Central Asian States of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan. Following his deployment with Human Terrain System to Afghanistan’s Wardak and Logar Provinces from 2009-2010, Brian deployed to Mazar-e-Sharif, Afghanistan in 2011 and Bagram, Afghanistan in 2013 with the Defense Intelligence Agency. Brian earned his PhD in Anthropology at Cornell University and a BA at George Washington University’s Elliott School of International Affairs. Brian spent several years conducting ethnographic fieldwork throughout Taiwan as a Fulbright, Chiang Ching-kuo Foundation, and Aisiang Cultural Foundation Fellow. He speaks Mandarin Chinese and translated a Taiwanese publication, Journey to the Halls of Heaven, into English. Brian currently lives in Tampa, Florida with his wife Emily and their two children.

Ted Callahan, PhD

Dr. Ted Callahan is a specialist in Central Asia and Afghanistan, who served as a Social Scientist with HTS in 2009. Subsequently, he took a position with the RAND Corporation as an adviser and analyst for the Special Operations Joint Task Force/NATO Special Operations Component Command-Afghanistan. Based in Kabul, he primarily advises on issues concerning power brokers, patronage networks, Afghan security forces, and insurgency in the nine northern provinces of Afghanistan. Dr. Callahan holds a BA in Environmental Studies from Middlebury College, an MA in East Asian Studies from Stanford University and a PhD from Boston University. His dissertation, To Rule the Roof of the World: Power and Patronage in Afghan Kyrgyz Society, was a study of the intersection of tribal politics, patronage networks, and the post-Taliban Afghan state. For his dissertation research, Dr. Callahan spent more than 18 months conducting fieldwork in northern Afghanistan, primarily in the Pamir Mountains of Badakhshan province, where he lived among a community of Kyrgyz nomads at over 14,000 feet. During his fieldwork, Dr. Callahan worked for the Central Asia Institute and the Wildlife Conservation Society. He speaks Kyrgyz, Dari, Chinese, and Spanish. He has also guided expeditions in Uganda, Bolivia, Argentina, Chile, Russia, Switzerland, France, Germany, New Zealand, China, and Nepal. 

Katherine Blue Carroll, PhD

Dr. Katherine Blue Carroll is an Assistant Professor of Political Science and the Director of Public Policy Studies at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee.  Her PhD in Politics is from the University of Virginia, where she specialized in the study of the Middle East.  Her dissertation,  Business as Usual? Economic Reform in Jordan, was published in 2003.  She came to Vanderbilt as an Assistant Dean in the College of Arts and Science in 2001 but left administration to teach full time in 2006. Her courses include Middle East Politics, Terrorism, Political Islam, The War in Iraq, and Introduction to Comparative Politics.  From April 2008 to April 2009 she worked as a social scientist for the Human Terrain System in Baghdad, providing cultural and political information to American soldiers. She recently published two articles based on her experience in Iraq (“Tribal Law and Reconciliation in the New Iraq,” in the winter 2011 issue of the Middle East Journal) and “Not Your Parents’ Political Party:  Young Sunnis and the New Iraqi Democracy” in the fall 2011 issue of Middle East Policy).  She is currently at work on an article about the U.S. military’s efforts to get displaced Iraqis to return to their homes and on a book about the reform of military detention operations after the Abu Ghraib scandal.

Jennifer Clark

Jennifer Clark earned her Master’s degree from the University of Illinois at Chicago in Bioarchaeology/Physical Anthropology. Subsequently, she worked in Iraq on the Mass Graves Investigation Team, a Presidentially ordered mission to excavate, analyze and report on clandestine mass graves from the al-Anfal Campaign of 1986-88 with the intent to prosecute Saddam Hussein and his regime for war crimes against the Kurds and Yezidi-Kurds of northern Iraq. She analyzed the remains of over 300 individuals and used her training in 3-D craniofacial reconstruction to re-create the faces of fourteen individuals for the FBI. In 2008, she joined HTS as a social scientist and was embedded with the Marines and Special Forces in al Anbar and Ninewa Provinces, providing dozens of reports on northwest Ninewa, the Yezidi, and Kurdish expansion. For her work in Iraq, she received a USMC commendation and an Army Civilian Global War on Terror award. Following her deployment, she was Deputy and then Acting Director of the HTS Social Science Directorate. After HTS, she worked at the Marine Corps’ Center for Advanced Operational Culture Learning (CAOCL). Ms. Clark resides in Northern Virginia with her husband and two children.

James Dorough-Lewis, Jr

James Dorough-Lewis, Jr., is currently an Operational Environment Specialist at the US Army’s Joint Multinational Readiness Center in Hohenfels, Germany. He became a Master Instructor at the Defense Intelligence Agency’s Human Intelligence Center – Joint Center of Excellence at Fort Huachuca, Arizona, following three years as a Social Scientist for the US Army’s Human Terrain System. Over the past decade he has also served as an Independent Consultant to the US State Department’s African Contingency Operations Training Assistance Program and a Human Intelligence Collector for the US Army. His field experience includes Europe, Africa, and the Middle East. He speaks French and several dialects of Arabic. He has a Master’s of Human Relations from the University of Oklahoma and an MS in Geographic Information Systems and Technology from the University of Arizona. At the time of writing, he is a PhD candidate in Conflict Analysis and Dispute Resolution from Nova Southeastern University with a concentration in cultural and ethnic conflict.

Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, PhD

Carolyn Fluehr-Lobban, PhD, is a Professor Emerita of Anthropology at Rhode Island College and Adjunct Professor of African Studies at the Naval War College. At Rhode Island College she taught Islamic studies and received the Award for Distinguished Teaching in 1990 and the Award for Distinguished Scholar in 1998. Between 1970 to the present she spent six years living and conducting research in three different African countries, including the Sudan, Egypt and Tunisia. Her most recent research was conducted in Sudan from 2007-2009 and was funded by the US Institute of Peace. Her research subjects cover: Islamic law and Islamic society, women's social and legal status in Muslim societies, ethics and anthropological research, human rights and cultural relativism, and comparative studies in law and society. She is a founder and twice past president of the Sudan Studies Association. She is the author or editor of eleven books, including the following relevant works: Shari`a and Islamism in Sudan: Conflict, Law and Social Transformation (2012; Arabic translation forthcoming); Islamic Law and Society in the Sudan (1987; Arabic edition 2004); Islamic Societies in Practice (1994; 2004) and is co-author of Historical Dictionary of the Sudan (1991; 2003; 2012), and Race and Identity in the Nile Valley (2004).

Janice H. Laurence, PhD

Dr. Janice H. Laurence is an internationally recognized military industrial-organizational psychologist, currently a Professor in the College of Education at Temple University. Previously, she served as Director of Human Resource Development for the Army’s Human Terrain System.  From 2004-2007 she was the Director of Research and Analysis within the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense (Personnel & Readiness).  From 2000 to 2004, she was a research professor at the Naval Postgraduate School.  She is the past editor (and current associate editor) of the journal Military Psychology. Dr. Laurence has served on commissions, advisory groups, and panels for the U.S. Congress, Department of Defense, the Military Services, the Intelligence Community, and the U.S. Department of Education.   Dr. Laurence has testified before the U.S. Congress, is endorsed by the American Psychological Association as a military psychology expert for the press, and is currently a member of the Scientific Advisory Board for the Military Child Education Coalition.  Dr. Laurence holds a PhD and an MA in Industrial-Organizational Psychology from George Mason University, an MA in Experimental Psychology from Temple University and a BA in Psychology from Temple University. Dr. Laurence is a member of the American Psychological Association and a fellow of the Society for Military Psychology.

George Lucas, PhD

Dr. George Lucas is Class of 1984 Distinguished Chair in Ethics in the Vice Admiral James B. Stockdale Center for Ethical Leadership at the United States Naval Academy (Annapolis), and Professor of Ethics and Public Policy at the Graduate School of Public Policy at the Naval Postgraduate School.  He has taught at Georgetown University, Emory University, Randolph-Macon College, the French Military Academy (Saint-Cyr), the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, and served as Philosophy Department Chairman at the University of Santa Clara in California.  A summa cum laude graduate in Physics from the College of William and Mary, he received the Sigma Xi Research Award in 1971 for his work in intermediate energy particle physics, published in The Physical Review (1973).  Professor Lucas received his PhD in Philosophy from Northwestern University in 1978. Lucas is the author of five books, more than forty journal articles, translations, and book reviews, and has also edited eight book-length collections of articles in philosophy and ethics. Among these titles are Anthropologists in Arms: the Ethics of Military Anthropology (AltaMira Press, 2009), Perspectives on Humanitarian Military Intervention (University of California Press, 2001), and a special issue of the Journal of Military Ethics, “New Warriors and New Weapons:  Ethics and Emerging Military Technologies” (December 2010).  Dr. Lucas is also co-editor of the textbook, Ethics and the Military Profession: the Moral Foundations of Leadership, and a companion volume, Case Studies in Military Ethics (Pearson Education, 2004).  These texts are used in core courses devoted to ethical leadership at the United States Naval Academy, the United States Air Force Academy, and at Naval ROTC units at over fifty seven colleges and universities throughout the nation.

Montgomery ‘Mitzy’ McFate, PhD

Dr. Montgomery McFate is a cultural anthropologist who works on defense and national security issues. Currently, she is the Minerva Chair at the Center for Naval Warfare Studies at the US Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. Formerly, she was the Senior Social Scientist for the US Army’s Human Terrain System. She has held positions at a variety of think tanks, including RAND and the Institute for Defense Analyses. She was an American Association for the Advancement of Science Fellow at the US Navy’s Office of Naval Research, where she was awarded a Distinguished Public Service Award by the Secretary of the Navy. Dr. McFate received a BA from University of California at Berkeley and a PhD in Anthropology from Yale University, and a JD from Harvard Law School. She was a key contributor to US Army Field Manual 3-24, Counterinsurgency.

Kathleen Reedy, PhD

Dr. Kathleen Reedy has a PhD in Social Anthropology from the University of Edinburgh. She spent 13 months conducting ethnographic research in Damascus, Syria, where she studied narratives of the state and nationalism. She joined HTS as a Social Scientist, deploying to Iraq for five months and then Afghanistan for fifteen. Her research focused on assessing and improving local governance, establishing rule of law, recommending development initiatives, and understanding local narratives of identity. She was awarded two Commander’s Awards for Service, as well as a Certificate of Appreciation from the Provincial Council of Khost Province. She has published several articles on topics such as Syrian political narratives, Afghan customary law, and the gap between policy and practice in Afghanistan. Dr. Reedy currently serves as the Middle East Region and Culture Expert for the US Air Force's Air Advisor Academy, where she is conducting research on Middle East-East Asian energy and national security issues.

Leslie Adrienne Payne

Leslie Adrienne Payne is a Senior National Defense Project Associate at the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, California. She worked for the Army’s Human Terrain System as a Social Scientist from 2008-2012, a job she fondly describes as the ideal alignment of her professional and personal interests.  During that time she completed two thirteen month tours: the first, while attached to the Army’s 10th Mountain Division in Southern Iraq where she was awarded the Achievement Medal for Civilian Service; the second, while attached to the United States Marine Corps Regimental Combat Team-8 in Southern Afghanistan where she was awarded the Department of the Navy’s Meritorious Civilian Service Award.  Prior to joining HTS, Leslie was a Military Analyst with the Central Intelligence Agency’s Directorate of Intelligence, where she focused on proliferation issues related to former Soviet Union states. Leslie holds a M.A. degree in Security Policy Studies from The George Washington University, an M.A. degree in International Political Theory from The New School for Social Research, and a B.A. in Cultural Anthropology from Howard University.  She has also worked for Jane’s Information Group as a Defense Analyst.  A native Californian, Leslie currently lives in Venice Beach and remains a fitness enthusiast and avid marathoner.